There is so much rich history and science behind the way that laser engraving machines and cutting machines work. Before you go out and purchase a laser machine or the services of one, knowing some facts about the diverse types can achieve youa unique experience that you otherwise might not have.
The Very First Laser
The very first operating laser came to life in May of 1960at the Hughes Research Laboratoryby Theodore Maiman. This laser was a synthetic ruby laser that produced a straight red laser beam. A ruby rod was placed between two mirrors forming an optical cavity (an arrangement of optical components that allow a beam of light to circulate in a closed path) which caused light to oscillate and eventually make the beam of light become pinpointed. Theodore Maiman set up foundational theories that would aid future scientists in the creation of the laser beams that we know and use so frequently today.
CO2 Laser Cutter
Kumar Patel, in 1963 at Bell Labs, developed the very first Carbon Dioxide (CO2) laser. This laser was much more efficient than that made by Maiman years earlier, and has become the most popular industrial laser type. The CO2 laser uses a formula developed from carbon dioxide that is later manipulated electronically to produce a strong laser beam. These beams have a wavelength of 10.6 micrometers and are highly resourceful with their beam qualities. When using a CO2 laser cutter or engraver, the surface of your chosen medium is either melted or vaporized by the beam’s high temperature. Today’s laser cutter and engraver machines have become so advanced that they are extremely user friendly, require minimum maintenance, and can customize materials such as wood, plastic, marble, leather, paper, fabric, and many other materials.
The fiber laser is slightly different than that of the Carbon Dioxide laser. The beam that is created by a fiber laser is made by means of an optical fiber that has been mingled with rare elements such as erbium, ytterbium, neodymium, thulium, etc. Fiber lasers first appeared in 2008 and are tremendously stable lasers. Other types of lasers are sensitive movement and alignments are easily thrown off, however, fiber lasers generate their beam on the inside of the fiber and don’t require sensitive optics to keep the machines functioning. The beam created by a fiber laser is extremely high; almost 100 times stronger of that of a CO2 laser. With the strength of the fiber laser beam, it has no problem cutting through materials such as metals. Fiber lasers require little to no servicing and are built with a long-lasting mindset. Find reviews of boss fiber lasers here.
Laser Machine Industry
The amount of laser machines on the market today seems endless. Each laser type has its own perks and downfalls, and is specialized for specific materials. The technology behind laser beams and laser machines has come a far distance, and is sure to continue expanding in time to come. When purchasing or using your next laser machine, knowing the background behind it can prove resourceful.
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